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In this digital era of competition and ever-expanding technological advancements, software architects are required in mostly every tech organization to provide solutions to different problems which the organization faces.
Software architecture professionals provide Software application architecture which is the process of defining a structured solution that meets all of the technical and operational requirements while optimizing common quality attributes such as performance, security, and manageability. It involves a series of decisions based on a wide range of factors; and each of these decisions can have a considerable impact on the quality, performance, maintainability, and overall success of the application.
Since architects are experts in their own different fields, there can be a quite a difference in the roles and responsibilities of the architects.
IT architects vs Domain architects
An IT architect is an individual that architects and designs information technology solutions and services for organizations. They possess a strong business and IT background to architect software, hardware, network or any IT solution that gives the best results to the business. An IT architect is also known as an enterprise architect.
An IT architect primarily possesses technical skills in planning, architecting and implementing enterprise-class IT solutions and services. They usually develop IT architectures using methodical diagrams that define the specifications, business/IT models, implementation road map, and other guidelines. Based on the requirements and/or the environment, an IT architect can create:
- Software architectures
- Network architectures
- Enterprise application/ IT architectures
- Security architectures
- Database architectures
Roles and responsibilities:
- Laying down IT strategy and planning with the existing and future organizational goals.
- Working closely with solutions experts to constantly find solutions related to software problems.
- Optimization of information management strategies.
- Promotion of shared applications and infrastructure to cut expenditures and enhance the flow of information
A domain Architect is a specialist with deep knowledge within a particular domain of their expertise. A domain could be ‘Data Services,’ ‘Process Design,’ ‘Integration Services’ or ‘Domain Expert for SAP’. The word domain signifies the niche area of expertise. Domain architects only focus on specific areas and are experts in their particular areas. The focus of the Domain Architect is on enterprise-level business solutions within a given domain.
As software architects who are engaged in finding solutions, an IT architect relies on domain architects and Developers to get down to the process levels of solving problems.
Examples of Domain Architects include:
- Access Services Architect
- Integration Services Architect
- Data Services Architect
- Infrastructure Services Architect
- Process Design Architect
- Domain Expert for a COTS Application (i.e. SAP, Oracle, Siebel, etc.)
- Business Architect with business specific knowledge (i.e. Share Trading)
Roles and Responsibilities:
- To find problems and provide solutions within the domain through the use of technology
- Working with, and using the output from other architects and providing them with output so as to achieve organizational goals efficiently.
- Single face to the delivery teams for all solutions on integrations and landscape ensuring alignment with the other architects.
All in all, if you are looking to make a career in the field of Enterprise architecture, there are many enterprise architect certification programs and software architecture programs available. Of course, Manipal ProLearn offers a world class Architecture readiness program, which will help you get a thorough understanding of the world of Enterprise architecture.