Interview Questions For A Job As Cybersecurity Professional Part 2
By Kamal Jacob
Welcome back! We promised you that we would be back with another round of cybersecurity interview questions, and we have completed our promise! How have you been? How is your preparation going for your next cybersecurity interview?
To help you as much as possible, we are here with some more cybersecurity interview questions which will help you to stay ahead from your competition. In this article, we will see some more questions which have high chances of getting asked. As we have mentioned earlier, we recommend you to give answers in your way and not give a canned response. So, let’s start!
What achievement are you most proud of?
When the interviewer asks such questions, they are less interested in your academic achievements unless you have scored brilliantly in cybersecurity specialization. When giving answers to such questions, you should start with your achievements in the domain of cybersecurity.
If you are experienced, you can talk about your job experience and skills such as client interaction, project handling, and how you are a great team player. If you have given a presentation in a security conference or given training in workshops, it will give you an edge.
If you don’t have any previous job experience, you can talk about your internship practical experience. You can mention critical security flaws or vulnerabilities you found or exploited during your testing of applications. Also, mention industry level certifications you have.
Are SSL and TSL enough when it comes to encryption?
SSL verifies the identity of the sender and is capable of tracking down and proving the identity of whom you are talking to. SSL can be stripped in certain circumstances. Thus, SSL is for identity verification and not suitable for hard data encryption.
SSL and TSL are used by almost all the websites, but in the past, these are targeted by attackers via its implementation such as Heartbleed and its known methodology. Because of such issues, an additional layer of protection for data-in-transit and data-at-rest should be implemented to encrypt and secure the actual data.
Between black-box testing and grey-box testing, which other is better and why?
In black-box testing, no information is given to the person or team who is going to perform vulnerability assessment and penetration testing. So, they have to explore on their own and find out what’s inside. Black-box testing represents a real-world testing scenario where a malicious attacker is trying to attack without much information, to begin with.
In grey-box testing, some level of information is given to the person or team. This helps them to discover, prove and exploit more vulnerability if they are present. In grey box testing, it is easier for the team to identify vulnerabilities such as privilege escalation and session fixation.
Is it possible to access Active Directory from Mac or Ubuntu machine?
Yes, it is possible to access Active Directory from a non-Windows system. Active Directory is an implementation of the SMB protocol. One can use the Samba program to access this on Ubuntu or Mac system.
Why Patch management important for improving security?
Security patches fix the existing known vulnerability particular to that software or hardware. As soon as the patch is released, it should be applied to fix the vulnerability and close down the chances of its exploitation. In large organizations, a proper patch management policy should be followed for Windows and Linux machines and network devices.
How will you prevent brute force login attack?
There are multiple ways of preventing brute force attack. One of them is the account lockout. In most cases, account lockout is insufficient. It is valid only in a controlled environment where the risk is too high. We can block a particular IP address after multiple failed attempts the same IP. Also, if multiple different IP addresses are trying to brute force on same common username, then we can lock-out that username for specific hours. Using CAPTCHAS is also a simple and effective way.
You have completed the vulnerability assessment and penetration testing of a web application. What things will you include in your report?
A good VAPT report should start with an have an executive summary which adequately explains the observations overall at a high level. After that, all the observations should be split into four categories, which are low, medium, high and sever according to their CVSS score. After that beach finding should be mentioned in detail with the URL of the scope, parameter, replication steps with screenshots of the PoC, followed by the business impact, technical impact and recommended remediation in the last.
What do you do in your spare time outside of cybersecurity?
By asking this question, the interviewer is keen to know how you are as a person to check if you are trustworthy and of good character or not. The main conclusion of the question will be to determine if you will be a good fit for their company or not. This is your “ME” questions, and there is no particular structure to this answer.
Answer this question freely by talking about hobbies, what activities you frequently do in your free time but to get too personal with the details. Some cybersecurity professionals spend some of their time doing research and explore newer vulnerabilities and also take part in bug bounty activities.
We hope that these questions helped!
We hope that these questions will help you to prepare for your next cybersecurity interview. If you liked this article, feel free to share with people who will benefit from it.
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